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Emmett Till is being memorialized with 3 national monuments. Here’s where they’ll be located

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Emmett Till Interpretive Center Education Director Benjamin Saulsberry and National Parks Conservation Association Senior Director of Cultural Resources Alan Spears stand on the banks of the Tallahatchie River — the approximate location of where 14-year-old Emmett Till’s body was found, on Wednesday, July 19, 2023, in Mississippi. Till was a Black teen kidnapped, tortured and killed by two white men in Mississippi in 1955.
Rashah McChesney/Gulf States Newsroom

Today, July 25, would have been Emmett Till’s 82nd birthday. 

Instead, the 14-year-old Black teen from Chicago was kidnapped, tortured and killed by two white men in Drew, Mississippi, in August 1955 after he was accused of whistling at a white woman, Carolyn Bryant Donham, while on vacation visiting family.

His death, and his mother’s response to it, helped launch the civil rights movement. Now, President Joe Biden is expected to sign a proclamation establishing a new national monument preserving three sites — two in Mississippi and one in Illinois — where Till’s life began and ended. 

Roberts Temple Church of God in Christ Bronzeville, a historically Black neighborhood on Chicago’s South Side, is one of the three sites. Thousands of people gathered at the church to mourn the teen after Mamie Till-Mobley decided to hold an open-casket funeral in September 1955 — revealing how badly her son had been mutilated.

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(from left) A large photo of Walter Reed, Willie Reed, Mamie Till-Mobley, Charles Diggs, Dr. T.R.M. Howard and Amanda Bradley at the trial for Emmett Till’s murder stands inside of the Mound Bayou Museum of African American Culture and History in Mound Bayou, Mississippi. The museum’s current exhibit about the family and their influence on Black culture and history includes furniture and props from movies about the Till family.  
Rashah McChesney/Gulf States Newsroom

Graball Landing, on the banks of the Tallahatchie River in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi, is the first of two Mississippi sites being recognized. The spot is a “well-accepted” approximation of where Till’s body was recovered, Benjamin Saulsberry, education director of the Emmett Till Interpretive Center, said.

Till was kidnapped by Roy Bryant, Bryant Donham’s husband at the time, and J.W. Milam after Bryant Donham said the teen whistled at her in her family’s grocery store. After kidnapping Till, the pair tortured him before shooting him, then weighted his body and tossed him into the river. 

The landing is in a deeply rural area, down a gravel road that winds through miles of corn and soy. A large bulletproof sign is the only indication that something happened here. 

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Graball Landing on the Tallahatchie River, near where 14-year-old Emmett Till’s body was found, on Wednesday, July 19, 2023, in Mississippi. Till was a Black teen kidnapped, tortured and killed by two white men in Mississippi in 1955. 
Rashah McChesney/Gulf States Newsroom

“I think it’s through the recognition of these spaces, like this one especially that speaks to us,” Saulsberry said. “To be able to acknowledge for better, for worse or otherwise, the truths of how this nation has gotten to where it has gotten and then to say objectively, we have to do differently and better.”

Saulsberry said a national monument could encourage visitors to think more critically about the role they have in dismantling racist systems.

“My hope is 70 years down the road, you know, we can ask ourselves, why were we so little?” he said. “Why were we so small in our thinking and our valuing of one another? Why are we so willing to take for granted the brevity of life? And as such, why would we allow for an environment in a system that would perpetuate or sometimes reward the dehumanization of people?” 

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The Tallahatchie County Courthouse on Wednesday, July 19, 2023, in Sumner, Mississippi. Here, two white men — Roy Bryant and J.W. Milam — were tried for murdering Emmett Till in September of 1955. The two men were acquitted by an all-white jury. Though they later confessed to killing the teen, they never faced legal consequences.
Rashah McChesney/Gulf States Newsroom

The third site is in nearby Sumner, Mississippi, at the Tallahatchie County Courthouse where the two men accused of killing Till were put on trial in September 1955 — just a week or two after Mamie Till-Mobley held Till’s open casket funeral. 

Because of that funeral, national attention turned to Mississippi. The modest courthouse would have been “packed to the gills,” Alan Spears, senior director of cultural resources for the National Parks Conservation Association, said. 

Here, an all-white, all-male jury acquitted the two men who murdered Till after just five days at trial. The two later confessed to the crime, but nothing ever happened to them. Bryant Donham also testified at the trial that Till touched her and made sexual statements — though she admitted to lying about some of the details

Spears believes the national park designation provides a bit of narrative justice for Till, something he and many others who were met with unjust violence, weren’t afforded while they were alive. 

“We say their names to make sure that we honor their lives and that we remember them, and as long as their names are spoken, they will never be forgotten,” Spears said. “We do that by saying Emmett's name and by saying Mamie’s and by remembering. That gets us there. It doesn't get us all the way, but it gets us there, or at least a little bit closer.”

Gulf States Newsroom deputy editor Rashah McChesney and the Associated Press contributed to this report. 

This story was produced by the Gulf States Newsroom, a collaboration between Mississippi Public Broadcasting, WBHM in Alabama, WWNO and WRKF in Louisiana and NPR.